The new newest Supreme Court on the block comes from the oldest court system in the world. That’s right the United Kingdom of Great Britain where most of Canada’s and America’s system of justice comes from has finally joined our club of Supreme Courts.
“In October 2009, The Supreme Court replaced the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords as the highest court in the United Kingdom. The Supreme Court’s 12 Justices maintain the highest standards set by the Appellate Committee, but are now explicitly separate from both Government and Parliament. The Court hears appeals on arguable points of law of the greatest public importance, for the whole of the United Kingdom in civil cases, and for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in criminal cases.
Additionally, it hears cases on devolution matters under the Scotland Act 1998, the Northern Ireland Act 1988 and the Government of Wales Act 2006. This jurisdiction was transferred to the Supreme Court from the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
The Supreme Court sits in the former Middlesex Guildhall, on the western side of Parliament Square. This new location is highly symbolic of the United Kingdom’s separation of powers, balancing judiciary and legislature across the open space of Parliament Square, with the other two sides occupied by the executive (the Treasury building) and the church (Westminster Abbey).
The Supreme Court also decides devolution issues, that is issues about whether the devolved executive and legislative authorities in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have acted or propose to act within their powers or have failed to comply with any other duty imposed on them. Devolution cases can reach the Supreme Court in three ways:
- Through a reference from someone who can exercise relevant statutory powers such as the Attorney General, whether or not the issue is the subject of litigation
- Through an appeal from certain higher courts in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
- Through a reference from certain appellate courts.”
As the youngest Supreme Court, at three years old, the Court is very tech savvy with it’s own website, twitter page, and dedicated blogs that are worth watching. As the UK Supreme Court deals with similar issues faced by the Supreme Court of Canada. Right now there is a big tug of war going on in the United Kingdom between Parliament, the Courts and the European Human Rights Courts. If you wish to follow the United Kingdom Supreme Court please look below:
Recent controversies at the UK Supreme Court deal with the European Human Rights Courts, and the appointment process of judges, and the appointment process of the Chief Justice who seems to be appointed by the previous Chief Justice. The courthouse is very unique residing in the historical Middlesex Guildhall